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Ancient Chinese Invention – Fireworks

Putting the POW in Kung Pao!

Ancient Chinese Invention FireworksFireworks originated in China some 2,000 years ago. The most prevalent legend has it that fireworks were discovered or invented by accident by a Chinese cook (It has not been confirmed if this is the same Chef who invented Kung Pao Chicken, or General Tso’s Chicken.  Further research could be good be fodder for a future article) working in a field kitchen who happened to mix charcoal, sulfur and saltpeter (all commonly found in the kitchen in those days). The mixture burned and when compressed in an enclosure (a bamboo tube), the mixture exploded!

Some sources say that the discovery of fireworks occurred about 2,000 years ago, and other sources place the discovery sometime during the 9th century during the Song dynasty (960-1279), although this could be confusion between the discovery of gunpowder by the cook and the invention of the firecracker.

A Chinese monk named Li Tian, who lived near the city of Liu Yang in Hunan Province, is credited with the invention of firecrackers about 1,000 years ago. The Chinese people celebrate the invention of the firecracker every April 18 by offering sacrifices to Li Tian. During the Song Dynasty, the local people established a temple to worship Li Tian.

Ancient Chinese invention firecrackersThe firecrackers, both then and now, are thought to have the power to fend off evil spirits and ghosts that are frightened by the loud bangs of the firecrackers. Firecrackers are used for such purposes today at most events such as births, deaths and birthdays. Chinese New Year is a particularly popular event that is celebrated with firecrackers to usher in the new year free of the evil spirits.

Generally Marco Polo is credited with bringing the gunpowder back to Europe in the 13th century, although some accounts credit the Crusaders with bringing the black powder to Europe as they returned from their journeys.  Marco Polo was also guilty of stealing pasta recipe from the Chinese and making a staple of Chinese cuisine in to the paradigm of Italian cooking.  He was a very very naughty man!

Once in Europe, the black powder was used for military purposes, first in rockets, then in canons and guns. Italians were the first Europeans who used the black powder to manufacture fireworks. Germany was the other European country to emerge as a fireworks leader along with Italy in the 18th century.

The English were also fascinated with fireworks. Fireworks became very popular in Great Britain during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. William Shakespeare mentions fireworks in his works, and fireworks were so much enjoyed by the Queen herself that she created the position of “Fire Master of England.” King James II was so pleased with the fireworks display that celebrated his coronation that he knighted his Fire Master.

Other fun facts about fireworks:

  • China is the largest manufacturer and exporter of fireworks in the world. 90% of all fireworks originate from there.
  • Dreaming about fireworks means that you like to be the center of attention and are showing off to others. It also symbolizes enthusiasm and exhilaration.
  • Static electricity in synthetic clothing can set off firecrackers. People making firecrackers wear only cotton clothing while making firecrackers.
  • A sparkler burns at a temperature over 15 times the boiling point of water. Three sparklers burning together generate the same heat as a blowtorch. When your sparkler goes out, put it in a bucket of water.

Humbly submitted for your consumption,

Mee Magnum  (“Chop!  Chop!”)


  1. i totaly agree to you skyler
    JJ giovinco recently posted…WHAT’S IN A CHINESE RESTAURANT’S NAME?My Profile

  2. Heads up, it was a Chinese Alchemists who discovered gunpowder not a Chef…<- does NOT make sense.

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